Surveillance of Ebola virus disease

Learn how Ebola is monitored.

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How does Canada monitor Ebola?

Ebola has been nationally notifiable in Canada since 2000.

As a nationally notifiable disease, Ebola cases are reported to the Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC). This is done through the Canadian Notifiable Disease Surveillance System, which contains basic epidemiologic data dating back to 1924.

PHAC also works closely with its national and international partners, including the World Health Organization (WHO), to track Ebola outbreaks.

Provinces and territories should notify PHAC immediately if investigating a potential Ebola case. If a case is defined as probable (meets criteria) or confirmed, PHAC notifies the Pan-American Health Organization and WHO.

Notification is done based on the International Health Regulations (IHR) through a network of national focal points. The IHR require countries to detect and report events that may constitute a potential public health emergency of international concern.

How many cases of Ebola are there in Canada?

There have been no cases of Ebola in Canada.

How many cases of Ebola are there around the world?

The first case of Ebola was discovered in 1976 in what is now the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The area is located near the Ebola River. Since then, there have been several outbreaks, exclusively in Africa.

For information on Ebola outbreaks, including confirmed cases and deaths, visit WHO's Ebola global alert and response website.

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