Measles & Rubella Weekly Monitoring Report: January 3 to January 9, 2016 (week 1)

Key Points

  • In Canada, 1 new case of measles was reported by Ontario for week 1, 2016.
  • A total of 1 case of measles, and 0 cases of rubella have been reported in Canada in 2016.

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Epidemiological Summary

During epidemiological week 1, 2016, one new case of measles was reported by OntarioFootnote 1. This case was an importation, linked to travel to Pakistan.

No cases of rubella were reported; it has been 96 weeks since the last reported rubella case (week 10, 2014).

The year-to-date total is 1 case of measles and 0 cases of rubella for 2016 (Figure 1).

Figure 1: Number of cases of measles (n=1) and rubella (n=0), by week of rash onset, as reported to the Canadian Measles/ Rubella Surveillance System (CMRSS) and Measles and Rubella Surveillance system (MARS), for the period ending January 9, 2016.

Figure 1
Figure 1 - Text Description
Figure 1.Number of cases of measles (n=1) and rubella (n=0), by week of rash onset, as reported to the Canadian Measles/ Rubella Surveillance System (CMRSS) and Measles and Rubella Surveillance system (MARS), for the period ending January 9, 2016.
Epidemiological Week of Rash Onset, 2016 Number of confirmed measles cases reported Number of confirmed rubella cases reported
1 1 0
2 0 0
3 0 0
4 0 0
5 0 0
6 0 0
7 0 0
8 0 0
9 0 0
10 0 0
11 0 0
12 0 0
13 0 0
14 0 0
15 0 0
16 0 0
17 0 0
18 0 0
19 0 0
20 0 0
21 0 0
22 0 0
23 0 0
24 0 0
25 0 0
26 0 0
27 0 0
28 0 0
29 0 0
30 0 0
31 0 0
32 0 0
33 0 0
34 0 0
35 0 0
36 0 0
37 0 0
38 0 0
39 0 0
40 0 0
41 0 0
42 0 0
43 0 0
44 0 0
45 0 0
46 0 0
47 0 0
48 0 0
49 0 0
50 0 0
51 0 0
52 0 0
Missing Rash Onset 0 0
Cases (year-to-date) 1 0


Geographic Distribution

There is currently one active case of measles, reported in the Central East region of Ontario (Figure 2). There are no reported active cases of rubella in Canada (figure not shown).

To date in 2016, no other Canadian province or territory has reported any cases of measles or rubella.

Figure 2: Distribution of activeFigure 2 - Footnote *, confirmed measles cases by health region.

Figure 2
Figure 2: Distribution of activeTable Figure 2 - Footnote * confirmed measles cases by health region.
Health Region Measles Cases Rubella Cases
Eastern Regional Integrated Health Authority 0 0
Central Regional Integrated Health Authority 0 0
Western Regional Integrated Health Authority 0 0
Labrador-Grenfell Regional Integrated Health Authority 0 0
Prince Edward Island 0 0
South Shore District Health Authority 0 0
South West Nova District Health Authority 0 0
Annapolis Valley District Health Authority 0 0
Colchester East Hants Health Authority 0 0
Cumberland Health Authority 0 0
Pictou County Health Authority 0 0
Guysborough Antigonish Strait Health Authority 0 0
Cape Breton District Health Authority 0 0
Capital District Health Authority 0 0
Zone 1 (NB) 0 0
Zone 2 (NB) 0 0
Zone 3 (NB) 0 0
Zone 4 (NB) 0 0
Zone 5 (NB) 0 0
Zone 6 (NB) 0 0
Zone 7 (NB) 0 0
Québec et Chaudières-Appalaches 0 0
Centre-du-Québec 0 0
Montréal et Laval 0 0
Ouest-du-Québec 0 0
Montérégie 0 0
Nord-Est 0 0
Ontario Central East 1 0
Ontario Central West 0 0
Ontario Eastern 0 0
Ontario North East 0 0
Ontario North West 0 0
Ontario South West 0 0
City of Toronto Health Unit 0 0
Winnipeg Regional Health Authority 0 0
Prairie Mountain Health 0 0
Interlake-Eastern Regional Health Authority 0 0
Northern Regional Health Authority 0 0
Southern Health 0 0
Saskatchewan South 0 0
Saskatchewan Central 0 0
Saskatchewan North 0 0
South Zone 0 0
Calgary Zone 0 0
Central Zone 0 0
Edmonton Zone 0 0
North Zone 0 0
British Columbia Interior 0 0
British Columbia Fraser 0 0
British Columbia Vancouver Coastal 0 0
British Columbia Vancouver Island 0 0
British Columbia Northern 0 0
Yukon 0 0
Northwest Territories 0 0
Nunavut 0 0

Laboratory Summary

Measles

To date in 2016, 1 measles case (reported by Ontario) has been genotyped and the genotype was B3 (Figure 3).

Figure 3: Distribution of measles genotypes detected in 2016 (n=1) by weekFigure 3 - Footnote of rash onset (if available, n=1) or specimen collection (n=0).

Figure 3
Figure 3: Distribution of measles genotypes detected in 2016 (n=1) by weekTable Figure 3 - Footnote of rash onset (if available, n=1) or specimen collection (n=0).
Epi week B3 B3 - Harare D4 D8 D8 - Taunton D9 H1 Total
1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
9 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
10 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
11 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
12 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
13 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
14 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
15 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
16 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
17 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
18 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
19 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
20 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
21 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
22 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
23 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
24 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
25 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
26 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
27 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
28 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
29 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
30 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
31 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
32 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
33 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
34 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
35 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
36 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
37 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
38 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
39 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
40 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
41 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
42 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
43 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
44 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
45 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
46 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
47 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
48 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
49 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
50 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
51 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
52 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1


The current global distribution of measles genotypes can be found on the WHO Measles Surveillance website.

For information regarding the interpretation and use of measles genotyping (including a discussion of genotypes and sequence variants), refer to Hiebert J and Severini A. Canada Communicable Disease Report. 2014; 40-12: 257- 260.

Rubella

To date in 2016, no rubella cases have been reported. As such, no genotype information is available.

Footnotes

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