Measles & Rubella Weekly Monitoring Report: January 24 to January 30, 2016 (week 4)

Key Points

  • In Canada, no new cases of measles or rubella were reported for week 4, 2016.
  • One province, British Columbia, currently has an activeFigure 2 - Footnote * measles case.
  • A total of 2 cases of measles, and 0 cases of rubella have been reported in Canada in 2016.

Organization: Public Health Agency of Canada

Date published: 2016-02-10

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Epidemiological Summary

During epidemiological week 4, 2016, no new cases of measles or rubella were reportedFootnote 1. It has been 1 epidemiological week since the last reported measles case (week 03, 2016), and 99 weeks since the last reported rubella case (week 10, 2014).

The year-to-date total is 2 cases of measles and 0 cases of rubella for 2016 (Figure 1).

Figure 1: Number of cases of measles (n=2) and rubella (n=0), by week of rash onset, as reported to the Canadian Measles/ Rubella Surveillance System (CMRSS) and Measles and Rubella Surveillance system (MARS), for the period ending January 30, 2016.

Figure 1
Figure 1 - Text Description
Figure 1. Number of cases of measles (n=2) and rubella (n=0), by week of rash onset, as reported to the Canadian Measles/ Rubella Surveillance System (CMRSS) and Measles and Rubella Surveillance system (MARS), for the period ending January 30, 2016.
Epidemiological Week of Rash Onset, 2016 Number of confirmed measles cases reported Number of confirmed rubella cases reported
1 1 0
2 0 0
3 1 0
4 0 0
5 0 0
6 0 0
7 0 0
8 0 0
9 0 0
10 0 0
11 0 0
12 0 0
13 0 0
14 0 0
15 0 0
16 0 0
17 0 0
18 0 0
19 0 0
20 0 0
21 0 0
22 0 0
23 0 0
24 0 0
25 0 0
26 0 0
27 0 0
28 0 0
29 0 0
30 0 0
31 0 0
32 0 0
33 0 0
34 0 0
35 0 0
36 0 0
37 0 0
38 0 0
39 0 0
40 0 0
41 0 0
42 0 0
43 0 0
44 0 0
45 0 0
46 0 0
47 0 0
48 0 0
49 0 0
50 0 0
51 0 0
52 0 0
Missing Rash Onset 0 0
Cases (year-to-date) 2 0


Geographic Distribution

There is currently one activeFigure 2 - Footnote * case of measles in Canada, reported in British Columbia (Figure 2). There are no active cases of rubella reported in Canada (figure not shown).

To date in 2016, measles cases have been reported in two Canadian provinces: British Columbia and Ontario.

Figure 2: Distribution of activeFigure 2 - Footnote *, confirmed measles cases by health regionFigure 2 - Footnote ¥ Figure 2 - Footnote .

Figure 2
Figure 2: Distribution of activeTable Figure 2 - Footnote * confirmed measles cases by health region.
Health Region Measles Cases Rubella Cases
Eastern Regional Integrated Health Authority 0 0
Central Regional Integrated Health Authority 0 0
Western Regional Integrated Health Authority 0 0
Labrador-Grenfell Regional Integrated Health Authority 0 0
Prince Edward Island 0 0
South Shore District Health Authority 0 0
South West Nova District Health Authority 0 0
Annapolis Valley District Health Authority 0 0
Colchester East Hants Health Authority 0 0
Cumberland Health Authority 0 0
Pictou County Health Authority 0 0
Guysborough Antigonish Strait Health Authority 0 0
Cape Breton District Health Authority 0 0
Capital District Health Authority 0 0
Zone 1 (NB) 0 0
Zone 2 (NB) 0 0
Zone 3 (NB) 0 0
Zone 4 (NB) 0 0
Zone 5 (NB) 0 0
Zone 6 (NB) 0 0
Zone 7 (NB) 0 0
Québec et Chaudières-Appalaches 0 0
Centre-du-Québec 0 0
Montréal et Laval 0 0
Ouest-du-Québec 0 0
Montérégie 0 0
Nord-Est 0 0
Ontario Central East 0 0
Ontario Central West 0 0
Ontario Eastern 0 0
Ontario North East 0 0
Ontario North West 0 0
Ontario South West 0 0
City of Toronto Health Unit 0 0
Winnipeg Regional Health Authority 0 0
Prairie Mountain Health 0 0
Interlake-Eastern Regional Health Authority 0 0
Northern Regional Health Authority 0 0
Southern Health 0 0
Saskatchewan South 0 0
Saskatchewan Central 0 0
Saskatchewan North 0 0
South Zone 0 0
Calgary Zone 0 0
Central Zone 0 0
Edmonton Zone 0 0
North Zone 0 0
British Columbia Interior No data 0
British Columbia Fraser No data 0
British Columbia Vancouver Coastal No data 0
British Columbia Vancouver Island No data 0
British Columbia Northern No data 0
Yukon 0 0
Northwest Territories 0 0
Nunavut 0 0

Laboratory Summary

Measles

To date in 2016, 1 measles case (reported by Ontario) has been genotyped and the genotype was B3 (Figure 3).

Genotyping is pending for 1 measles case reported by British Columbia in week 3, 2016.

Figure 3: Distribution of measles genotypes detected in 2016 (n=1) by weekFigure 3 - Footnote of rash onset (if available, n=1) or specimen collection (n=0).

Figure 3
Figure 3: Distribution of measles genotypes detected in 2016 (n=1) by weekTable Figure 3 - Footnote of rash onset (if available, n=1) or specimen collection (n=0).
Epi week B3 B3 - Harare D4 D8 D8 - Taunton D9 H1 Total
1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
9 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
10 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
11 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
12 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
13 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
14 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
15 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
16 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
17 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
18 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
19 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
20 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
21 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
22 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
23 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
24 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
25 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
26 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
27 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
28 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
29 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
30 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
31 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
32 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
33 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
34 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
35 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
36 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
37 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
38 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
39 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
40 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
41 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
42 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
43 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
44 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
45 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
46 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
47 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
48 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
49 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
50 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
51 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
52 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1


The current global distribution of measles genotypes can be found on the WHO Measles Surveillance website.

For information regarding the interpretation and use of measles genotyping (including a discussion of genotypes and sequence variants), refer to Hiebert J and Severini A. Canada Communicable Disease Report. 2014; 40-12: 257- 260.

Rubella

To date in 2016, no rubella cases have been reported. As such, no genotype information is available.

Footnotes

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