Measles & Rubella Weekly Monitoring Report: February 14 to February 20, 2016 (week 7)

Key Points

  • In Canada, no new cases of measles or rubella were reported for week 7, 2016. However, one case of congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) was retrospectively reported by Ontario, for week 50, 2015.
  • A total of 2 cases of measles, and 0 cases of rubella have been reported in Canada in 2016.

On this page

Epidemiological Summary

During epidemiological week 7, 2016, no new cases of measles or rubella were reportedFootnote 1. It has been 4 epidemiological weeks since the last reported measles case (week 03, 2016), and 102 weeks since the last reported rubella case (week 10, 2014).

However, during the week 7 reporting cycle, one case of congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) was retrospectively reported by Ontario, for week 50, 2015 and is still being actively followed.

The year-to-date total is 2 cases of measles and 0 cases of rubella for 2016 (Figure 1).

Figure 1: Number of cases measles (n=2) and rubella (n=0), by week of rash onset, as reported to the Canadian Measles/ Rubella Surveillance System (CMRSS) and Measles and Rubella Surveillance system (MARS), for the period ending February 20, 2016.

Figure 1
Figure 1 - Text Description
Figure 1. Number of cases measles (n=2) and rubella (n=0), by week of rash onset, as reported to the Canadian Measles/ Rubella Surveillance System (CMRSS) and Measles and Rubella Surveillance system (MARS), for the period ending February 20, 2016.
Epidemiological Week of Rash Onset, 2016 Number of confirmed measles cases reported Number of confirmed rubella cases reported
1 1 0
2 0 0
3 1 0
4 0 0
5 0 0
6 0 0
7 0 0
8 0 0
9 0 0
10 0 0
11 0 0
12 0 0
13 0 0
14 0 0
15 0 0
16 0 0
17 0 0
18 0 0
19 0 0
20 0 0
21 0 0
22 0 0
23 0 0
24 0 0
25 0 0
26 0 0
27 0 0
28 0 0
29 0 0
30 0 0
31 0 0
32 0 0
33 0 0
34 0 0
35 0 0
36 0 0
37 0 0
38 0 0
39 0 0
40 0 0
41 0 0
42 0 0
43 0 0
44 0 0
45 0 0
46 0 0
47 0 0
48 0 0
49 0 0
50 0 0
51 0 0
52 0 0
Missing Rash Onset 0 0
Cases (year-to-date) 2 0

Geographic Distribution

There are currently no reported activeFigure 2 - Footnote * cases of measles or rubella in Canada (Figure 2).

To date in 2016, measles cases have been reported in two Canadian provinces: British Columbia and Ontario.

Figure 2: Distribution of activeFigure 2 - Footnote *, confirmed measles cases by health region.

Figure 2
Figure 2 - Footnote 1

Active cases or outbreaks are those in which the onset date of the most recent case/outbreak-associated case falls within 32 days of the issue date of this reportFootnote 2.

Return to Figure 2 - Footnote * referrer

Figure 2 - Text Description
Figure 2: Distribution of activeFigure 2 Table - Footnote * confirmed measles cases by health region.
Health Region Measles Cases Rubella Cases
Figure 2 Table - Footnote *

Active cases or outbreaks are those in which the onset date of the most recent case/outbreak-associated case falls within 32 days of the issue date of this report.

Return to Figure 2 Table - Footnote * referrer

Eastern Regional Integrated Health Authority 0 0
Central Regional Integrated Health Authority 0 0
Western Regional Integrated Health Authority 0 0
Labrador-Grenfell Regional Integrated Health Authority 0 0
Prince Edward Island 0 0
South Shore District Health Authority 0 0
South West Nova District Health Authority 0 0
Annapolis Valley District Health Authority 0 0
Colchester East Hants Health Authority 0 0
Cumberland Health Authority 0 0
Pictou County Health Authority 0 0
Guysborough Antigonish Strait Health Authority 0 0
Cape Breton District Health Authority 0 0
Capital District Health Authority 0 0
Zone 1 (NB) 0 0
Zone 2 (NB) 0 0
Zone 3 (NB) 0 0
Zone 4 (NB) 0 0
Zone 5 (NB) 0 0
Zone 6 (NB) 0 0
Zone 7 (NB) 0 0
Québec and Chaudières-Appalaches 0 0
Centre-du-Québec 0 0
Montréal and Laval 0 0
Ouest-du-Québec 0 0
Montérégie 0 0
Nord-Est 0 0
Ontario Central East 0 0
Ontario Central West 0 0
Ontario Eastern 0 0
Ontario North East 0 0
Ontario North West 0 0
Ontario South West 0 0
City of Toronto Health Unit 0 0
Winnipeg Regional Health Authority 0 0
Prairie Mountain Health 0 0
Interlake-Eastern Regional Health Authority 0 0
Northern Regional Health Authority 0 0
Southern Health 0 0
Saskatchewan South 0 0
Saskatchewan Central 0 0
Saskatchewan North 0 0
South Zone 0 0
Calgary Zone 0 0
Central Zone 0 0
Edmonton Zone 0 0
North Zone 0 0
British Columbia Interior 0 0
British Columbia Fraser 0 0
British Columbia Vancouver Coastal 0 0
British Columbia Vancouver Island 0 0
British Columbia Northern 0 0
Yukon 0 0
Northwest Territories 0 0
Nunavut 0 0

Laboratory Summary

Measles

To date in 2016, 2 measles cases have been genotyped and the genotypes were B3 (n=1) and D8 (n=1) (Figure 3).

Figure 3: Distribution of measles genotypes detected in 2016 (n=2) by weekFigure 3 - Footnote of rash onset (if available, n=2) or specimen collection (n=0).

Figure 3
Figure 3 - Footnote †

Epidemiological weeks for laboratory specimens are assigned in accordance with WHO guidelines (WHO.WER.2012;9(87):73) with week 1 beginning on the first Monday of the year.

Retour à la référence Figure 3 - Note de bas de page referrer


Figure 3 - Text Description
Figure 3: Distribution of measles genotypes detected in 2016 (n=2) by weekFigure 3 Table - Footnote of rash onset (if available, n=2) or specimen collection (n=0).
Epi week B3 B3 - Harare D4 D8 D8 - Taunton D9 H1 Total
Figure 3 Table - Footnote †

Epidemiological weeks for laboratory specimens are assigned in accordance with WHO guidelines (WHO.WER.2012;9(87):73) with week 1 beginning on the first Monday of the year.

Return to Figure 3 Table - Footnote referrer

1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
3 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1
4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
9 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
10 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
11 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
12 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
13 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
14 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
15 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
16 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
17 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
18 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
19 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
20 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
21 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
22 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
23 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
24 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
25 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
26 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
27 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
28 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
29 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
30 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
31 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
32 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
33 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
34 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
35 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
36 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
37 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
38 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
39 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
40 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
41 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
42 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
43 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
44 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
45 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
46 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
47 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
48 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
49 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
50 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
51 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
52 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 2

The current global distribution of measles genotypes can be found on the WHO Measles Surveillance website.

For information regarding the interpretation and use of measles genotyping (including a discussion of genotypes and sequence variants), refer to Hiebert J and Severini A. Canada Communicable Disease Report. 2014; 40-12: 257- 260.

Rubella

To date in 2016, no rubella cases have been reported. As such, no genotype information is available for 2016.

One case of congenital rubella syndrome was retrospectively reported by Ontario, for week 50 2015. This case was confirmed as genotype 2B.

Footnotes

Footnote 1

Only cases up to the indicated end date are included in this report. Any additional cases will be described in future reports.

Return to first footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

Public Health Agency of Canada. Guidelines for the prevention and control of measles outbreaks in Canada. Canadian Communicable Disease Report. 2013. Vol. 39: Definitions: conclusion of an outbreak (p. 5).

Return to first footnote 2 referrer

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